BMEWS
 
Sarah Palin is the other whom Yoda spoke about.

calendar   Friday - October 08, 2010

another truly outstanding find from ancient rome ….

Some may accuse me of using the word ‘awesome’ too often.  Fine, but what other word or words would fit here.
Another find from ancient Rome here in Britain.  Only the third of it’s kind since records were starting to be kept 250 years ago. A young person and a metal detector and a 2 million dollar find.  Look at the art work on this and just think ... it was done by the Romans, or whoever was working for them. Look at the detail.
Bothers me that someone like a tracy emmin can display an unmade bed and the art world goes ga ga. Flippin idiots.

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Roman bronze helmet found in a field sells for £2.3 MILLION… eight times its estimated value

By Tamara Cohen

A rare Roman bronze helmet found in a field by a metal detecting enthusiast, sold for an astonishing £2.3 million at auction today.

The immaculately preserved 2,000-year-old artifact, one of only three ever found in Britain, was discovered in a field by an unemployed graduate in his early 20s.

It prompted a five-minute frenzy of bidding at Christie’s in London before it was bought anonymously on the telephone for eight times its pre-sale estimate.

The helmet, complete with an ornate face mask surrounded by a ring of tightly curled hair, was not intended to be worn in combat but for cavalry sports parades which often accompanied religious festivals.

Wearing full armour and colourful streamers, Roman soldiers would take part in organised games to impress visiting officials.

Christie’s described the find, from the late 1st century AD, as ‘an extraordinary example of Roman metalwork at its zenith’.

Only a handful of helmets of such quality have been found anywhere across the former Roman empire, and potential buyers from all over the world registered interest.

A LOT MORE HERE


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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 10/08/2010 at 07:39 AM   
Filed Under: • Archeology / AnthropologyUK •  
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calendar   Sunday - October 03, 2010

Egyptian archaeologists have unearthed part a 3,400-year-old statue of the pharaoh Amenhotep III.

WOW!  Rechecked the Sunday Mail and found this. 

Statue of King Tut’s grandfather unearthed in Egypt: 3,400-year-old antiquity discovered near Luxor temple

By Daily Mail Reporter

Egyptian archaeologists have unearthed part a 3,400-year-old statue of the pharaoh Amenhotep III, believed to be the grandfather of the young King Tutankhamun, antiquities chief Zahi Hawass said on Saturday.

‘The statue was found near the northern entrance of Amenhotep III’s temple and depicts the king sitting down on a throne with Amun,’ the chief deity, Hawass said.

The 4ft by 3ft statue of Amenhotep III in Kom el-Hittan was discovered at the site of the pharaoh’s mortuary temple in the southern city of Luxor, Egypt’s Ministry of Culture said.

The temple is one of the largest on the west bank of the Nile in Luxor.

The statue portrays Amenhotep III wearing the double crown of Egypt, which is decorated with a uraeus, and seated on a throne next to the Theban god Amun.

He ruled in the 14th century B.C. at the height of Egypt’s New Kingdom and presided over a vast empire stretching from Nubia in the south to Syria in the north.

The pharaoh’s temple was largely destroyed, possibly by floods, and little remains of its walls.

But archaeologists have been able to unearth a wealth of artifacts and statuary in the buried ruins, including two statues of Amenhotep made of black granite found at the site in March 2009.

Hawass said there is an ‘overwhelming amount of statuary’ depicting the ruler, who was the father of Amenhotep IV, better known as Akhenaten. There may be other statues of him at the site, according to the council’s statement.

Amenhotep III was the ninth king of the 18th dynasty was the son of Thutmose IV and Queen Mutemwiya.

He married Tiy, daughter of Yuya, who was a chancellor of the north and was a priest of Hermonthis and Amon.

Egypt was enjoying a peaceful time during Amenhotep’s reign, thus allowing him to concentrate on more artistic renewals.

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See the link for lots more ....

archaeologists


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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 10/03/2010 at 11:38 AM   
Filed Under: • Archeology / Anthropology •  
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calendar   Thursday - September 02, 2010

Just a guy with a metal dectector, ancient lantern found , estimated to be 1700 years old ..

Here we go again.  The Romans sure left a lot to be found.  Photo at the link source below.

This is for us who dig this stuff. 

Metal detector find was 1,700 year old Roman lantern

By Daily Mail Reporter

Last updated at 5:33 PM on 2nd September 2010

An Roman lantern made of bronze, believed by experts to be the only one of its kind in Britain, has been unearthed in a field by a metal-detecting enthusiast.
Although rather battered on discovery it has been painstakingly restored and is now on display in Ipswich Museum.

The unique artefact, which dates from between the 1st and 3rd century AD, was discovered by 21-year-old Danny Mills at a detecting rally near Sudbury, Suffolk. Mills reported the find to local archaeologists and the landowner later donated it to the regional museum.

Conservator at Colchester and Ipswich Museums, Emma Hogarth, who restored the object said it is a rare and exquisite example of craftsmanship.
Archaeologists say the British Museum in London holds only fragments of similar finds and its closest complete double was found at the Roman city of Pompeii in southern Italy.

Suffolk is known to have been dotted with plush Roman villas and country estates in the 2nd century and experts speculate it could have been used by a rich landowner to move between his villa and its outhouses at night.

photo and more

There’s that name again. Pompeii.  My neighbor was there and suggests Oct. as a good time to go.  Giving it lots of thought. Health permitting.


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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 09/02/2010 at 01:13 PM   
Filed Under: • Amazing Science and DiscoveriesArcheology / AnthropologyHistoryUK •  
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calendar   Tuesday - August 24, 2010

health and safety in a risk adverse culture … can’t mow the castle lawn due to steep slopes ..

In an article today in the Telegraph is a mind numbing story of complete stupidity for which there is NO link. As usual.  So you will simply have to take this on faith that I am not making it up.

Something tells me however that Richard Littlejohn of The Mail will have this in the next couple of days with a link.  But I can’t wait till then.  Nor can I take the time to copy word for word the entire article.  So, I will give you the simple nut and bolt (there’s only one) and photos and history of a place called Carlisle Castle which is absolutely awesome.  While searching for the story link I discovered news on a BBC site of a decade long dig at the castle site, uncovering some 80,000 Roman artefacts including a human louse, 2,000 yrs old.  Unbelievable, huh?

For centuries and especially after it came under control of The English Heritage folks, there have been grounds keepers.  No surprise there. Right? We’re talking castle here.  And keeping the grounds means mowing lawns. Does it not?  The castle survived wars and sieges and was also one place where Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned.  It is as you would expect it to be, a major tourist attraction.

The center of countless wars and battles, guarding England’s northern border against Scottish invasion, under siege during the English civil war, the folks who look after this historic place have found something that is … “too dangerous” to do around it’s walls.
MOW THE FREEKIN GRASS ON THE SLOPING BANKS OF IT’S MOAT!

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Yup … there ya go BMEWS.  HEALTH and SAFETY officials now say mowing the grass on the banks of either side of the moat is “too perilous for workmen due to the steep inclines.” And so cutting the grass has now ceased. 

There isn’t any info on the numbers injured or killed over the last few hundred years while keeping the slopes trimmed.  It occurs to us doesn’t it, that had the Health and Safety Executive been around 900 years ago, this place might never have been built.
Or if it had, there’d have been no slopes and maybe no moat either.

These idiots are killing their country with their risk adverse politically correct everyone is equal left wing socialistic libtard bs.  Their embrace of diversity which they have turned into a religion and their romantic ideal of multi-culture as a cure all and a standard to be enshrined. 
They don’t deport plane hi-jackers on grounds of human rights, they can’t deport a killer to a country of his birth because he no longer speaks that language he’s been here so long, and it would violate his right to have a family.  Meanwhile of course, he’d destroyed another’s family.  The former govt. turned their police into social workers, or they tried anyway, and I have no idea if the rope that tied their hand is now loose.

And oh btw ... I forget.  Someone was hurt there .....  here’s an example of the sort of lunatic bs they’ve brought down on their own heads.

Concern was heightened after an out-of-court settlement earlier this year to a woman who was injured when she fell into the moat at 2am, when the castle was closed. In spite of the closure and warning notices, she won £15,000 compensation and English Heritage also paid her legal fees of £37,250.

Another article on her said she was trespassing.  Well I guess so. At 2 in the morning?  What else?  See, according to my barbaric belief, trespassers at 2am need to be shot dead.  Problem solved, no law suits, no courts, no public expense. 

The ppl responsible for the mess this country is dealing with, have betrayed their history and their ancestors.  They shame the generation that stood firm in ’39 and before that 1914 and before that their entire history.
Shame on them and a pox as well.  They don’t deserve this country.  If things aren’t turned around soon, they will surely deserve what they’ll end up with.


Carlisle Castle’s decade dig is completed

It is thought the Roman army lived in tents at first
An internationally important archaeological dig in Carlisle has unearthed rare articulated armour and a nit comb, with a louse still in it.
The dig, which took place over a decade in front of Carlisle Castle, has uncovered about 80,000 Roman artefacts.
The evidence provides Carlisle with almost 2,000 years of documented history.

Experts say the city is now ranked as one of the most important settlements in the north of England.
Senior executive officer for Oxford Archaeology North, Rachel Newman, said: “The area was very damp 2,000 years ago, and therefore rare evidence survived for how the Romans and their medieval successors lived, in the form of the foundations for their timber buildings, as well as parts of Roman tents and saddles, their shoes, and wooden and leather possessions.

“Many thousands of objects were excavated, including less fragile material, such as pottery, metalwork, both jewellery and everyday utensils, coins, and stone objects.”
“All this evidence provided a wonderful glimpse into how people lived 2,000 years ago, and also in medieval Carlisle, more than 1,000 years later.
“For instance, several nit combs very like the ones we sometimes have to use today were found, one with a human louse in it!

“We could also see from the numbers of bones that the Romans liked beef, and particularly shoulders of meat, that had perhaps been salted or smoked.”
She said the evidence suggested that the Roman army arrived in Carlisle, living in tents to begin with, until the first fort was built.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/cumbria/8659355.stm

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Carlisle Castle guards the western end of the border between England and Scotland. William II built the first timber castle at Carlisle in 1092, and thirty years later his brother, King Henry I, ordered the building of a castle in stone which included the keep that now remains as the oldest part of the castle.

The keep and castle walls were eventually completed by the Scottish king, David I, who took control of northern England during the troubled reign of King Stephen (1135-54). By 1157 the castle was back in English hands, but its location at the border between two frequently warring nations meant it would be battled over for many more centuries. The last time the castle came under siege was in 1745 when the Jacobite forces of Prince Charles Edward Stewart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) successfully captured the castle, only to be forced to surrender the following month.

The oldest surviving buildings, other than the keep, are the inner and outer gatehouses, both built in the 1160’s and substantially altered in the late 14th century. Most of the other medieval buildings have been lost under the 19th century barracks and other army buildings that line the inner and outer bailey. The castle remains the headquarters of the King’s Own Royal Border Regiment and it houses the Regimental Museum.

http://www.visitcumbria.com/car/carlcas.htm For lots of photos of this place.


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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 08/24/2010 at 01:12 PM   
Filed Under: • Archeology / AnthropologyCULTURE IN DECLINEHistoryUK •  
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calendar   Wednesday - August 18, 2010

Find in Britian believed to be Villa of a future Roman emperor

This appeared less then an hour ago .... just had to post it.  There’s lots more at the link.

They keep finding new evidence of history here. Awesome.  Wish I were up going around the country with a camera visiting all these sites and museums. Who knows, maybe one day I might. Would like to. There’s so much to see and learn here.

Notice the Swastikas on the tile.  We have it in mosaics here too.  It appears to be a design that was liberally used by the Romans, but my guess is that is was purely as decoration.  Reason I say that is because the one in our museum here has a bit of Roman flooring with the design running all the way around what was a floor, all attached to form a decorative ring. 

Treasures found at second century villa in Britain reveal it was once home to future Roman Emperor

By Tony Bassett

August 18, 2010

Historians are becoming increasingly convinced that a villa uncovered 20 miles from London was once home to Britain’s Roman Governor.
Since Lullingstone Roman Villa was first uncovered in the 1930s experts believed it was once the home of a leading Roman or wealthy Briton, but archaeologists were unsure of the owner’s identity.

Now experts have re-examined treasures found at the site, near Orpington in Kent, and say it was almost certainly the home of Publius Helvius Pertinax.
He was governor of Britain between AD185 and 186 and went on to become Roman Emperor in AD193.

A high-quality intaglio, or seal, found just outside the villa during excavation is now believed to have been the Governor’s personal seal.
This finely-engraved victory gem was found next to some discarded coins.

The governor is known to have fled the villa at the end of the second century amid a mutiny by his soldiers. The men then looted it for gold and silver.
Roman experts believe the looters prised the seal from a gold signet ring and then left it behind as worthless. There are signs the seal has been gouged with a knife.
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An elaborate mosaic at Lullingstone Roman villa near Orpington, Kent. Experts believe it was the home of Pertinax, a former Roman Emperor

MORE STORY AND PHOTOS HERE


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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 08/18/2010 at 10:11 AM   
Filed Under: • Archeology / AnthropologyHistoryUK •  
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calendar   Monday - June 07, 2010

Off With His Head

Just because Peiper is MIA, getting the best tan of his life, doesn’t mean things have stopped happening in England. Here’s one he’d like, a real “thumbs down” post.



Gladiator Cemetery Found In York



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Dozens of headless skeletons excavated from a northern English building site appear to be the remains of Roman gladiators, one of whom had bites from a lion, tiger, bear or other large animal, archaeologists said Monday.

Experts said new forensic evidence suggests the bones belong to the professional fighters, who were often killed while entertaining spectators.

Most of the skeletons were male and appeared stronger and taller than the average Roman, with signs of arm-muscle stress that suggest weapons training that began in the men’s teenage years.

The team investigating the remains said that one of the best clues was carnivore tooth marks found on the hip and shoulder of one of the skeletons.

“The presence of bite marks is one of the strongest pieces of evidence suggesting an arena connection. It would seem highly unlikely that this individual was attacked by a tiger as he was walking home,” said Michael Wysocki, a lecturer in forensic anthropology and archaeology who studied the skeletons. The bites were believed to have caused the person’s death, he said.

York — about 200 miles (322 kilometers) north of London — was one of the largest cities in Roman Britain, and experts believe bands of gladiators touring the Roman Empire occasionally traveled here to put on fighting shows.

Wysocki said gladiators were often beheaded as an act of mercy after suffering horrific injuries during their fights. All of the skeletons were buried with pottery, animals or other offerings, suggesting they were respected people, not criminals.

Fox News source.
York Archaeology News Page source, server currently overwhelmed.


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Posted by Drew458   United States  on 06/07/2010 at 01:09 PM   
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calendar   Saturday - March 13, 2010

An age when it was taken for granted that, England could accomplish anything. And did so.

This is really some awesome stuff.  Gives one some idea of what put the great in Britain in those bygone days. This was one heck of an achievement. And all done without computers and the kind of things that might have made the construction safer and faster. Good gosh, think of it.
NO HEALTH AND SAFETY.  First the need and the imagination and then the engineering skill and genius of the Brunels. 

Of course .. all this was done in an age when the mere suggestion that England be given away to foreigners might have brought on a challenge to a duel. And quite right too.


Open to the public for the first time in 145 years, Brunel and son’s ‘eighth wonder of the world’ under the Thames

By Daily Mail Reporter
Last updated at 4:50 PM on 13th March 2010

The public is to get its first chance in 145 years to see the Brunel tunnel under the Thames that was hailed as an eighth wonder of the world and a triumph of Victorian engineering.

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An underground work walks along the tunnel, which was originally designed to take horse-drawn carriages

The tunnel is open today and a Fancy Fair originally held in 1852 below the river is being recreated at the nearby Brunel Museum.

It was built between 1825 and 1843 by Marc Brunel and his son, Isambard, and was the first known to have been built beneath a navigable river.

The tunnel, which runs from Wapping to Rotherhithe at a depth of 75ft below the river’s surface, quickly became a thriving shopping arcade and entertainment centre.

It was illuminated by lights along its 1,300ft length and by the end of the first week of its opening, half the population of the capital were said to have paid to walk ‘the shining avenue of light to Wapping’. Queen Victoria was among the millions who walked its length.

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The tunnel, ‘a shining avenue of light to Wapping’, became a thriving shopping arcade and entertainment centre

In 1869, it was closed to the public and converted into a railway tunnel for the East London underground line up until 2007.

Extension work will result in the tunnel becoming part of the new London Overground and it will once again be used by mainline trains.

The two-day opening is taking place at the conclusion of the Mayor of London’s East festival celebrating east London.

Brunel Museum director Robert Hulse says the tunnel was ‘not just the birthplace of the Tube system, it is the site of a Victorian rave’.

The Brunel Museum tours will take in the grand entrance hall and the 1867 arch at the Rotherhithe entrance. It is now an International Landmark Site, one of six in Britain, but is usually closed to the public.

The tunnel was originally designed for, but never used by, horse-drawn carriages and was required because of the demand for a land connection between the north and south banks of the Thames to cater for the capital’s expanding docks.

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There had been a number of failed attempts before Marc Isambard Brunel took on the project in 1825 with his newly invented tunnelling ‘shield’ technology.

The tunnelling shield was revolutionary because of its support for the unlined ground in front and around, which reduced the risk of collapses.

However, many workers, including Brunel, became ill because of the filthy water seeping through from the river above.

The sewage from the river gave off methane gas which was ignited by the miner’s oil lamps, causing fires underground.

When the resident engineer William Armstrong fell ill in April 1826 from working underground Marc’s son Isambard Kingdom Brunel took over at the age of 20.

Work progressed at only 8–12 feet a week and the company directors decided to allowed sightseers to view the shield in operation to earn some extra cash for the project.

Charging one shilling, up to 800 visitors came every day to see the Victoria marvel.

But the project was hindered by a number of setbacks.

The tunnel flooded suddenly on 18 May 1827 after only 549 feet had been dug. Isambard Kingdom Brunel had to lower a diving bell from a boat to repair the hole at the bottom of the river, throwing bags filled with clay into the breach in the tunnel’s roof.

Following the repairs and the drainage of the tunnel, he held a banquet inside it. The tunnel flooded again the following year, on 12 January 1828, when six men died and Isambard himself narrowly escaped drowning.

Isambard was sent to Clifton in Bristol to recover and it was while there he heard about the competition to build what became the Clifton Suspension Bridge.

Financial problems followed, leading to the tunnel being walled off in August 1828. The project was abandoned for seven years, until Marc Brunel succeeded in raising sufficient money, including a loan of £247,000 from the Treasury, to continue construction.

There were further floods, methane leaks and fires before the tunnelling was finally completed in 1841 and opened to the public, once lighting roadways and spiral staircases had been installed, on March 25 1843.

CLICK ON THE MAP FOR MORE

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The Brunels, father and son.

The son went on to even greater fame. His is a fascinating story.


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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 03/13/2010 at 04:04 PM   
Filed Under: • Amazing Science and DiscoveriesArcheology / AnthropologyArchitectureOUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENTTalented Ppl.UK •  
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calendar   Friday - March 12, 2010

ARCHEOLOGY and WOW what a find.  Viking heads …..

No comment for me to make that I haven’t made before.  Am always wowed by this kind of thing.


Archaeologists uncover headless corpses of 51 Vikings executed by Saxons in Dorset killing field

By David Derbyshire
Last updated at 2:55 PM on 12th March 2010

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They knelt and cowered together - a once proud and fearless band of raiders stripped and humiliated by their Saxon captors.

One by one, their executioners stepped forward, uttered a prayer and brought their axes and swords crashing down on the necks of the Viking prisoners.

The axes fell until the roadside was sticky with blood from the decapitated corpses of the 51 men, most barely in their twenties.

Soon the excited crowd joined in, spearing a couple of heads on stakes, placing the rest in a neat pile and tossing the bodies into a ditch.

For more than 1,000 years this bloody roadside act was forgotten, one of many atrocities in the long and violent struggle between the Anglo-Saxons and the Norse invaders.

Now, thanks to an extraordinary piece of luck - and detective work - the massacre has been uncovered by archaeologists in a discovery that sheds fascinating new light on life in Viking Britain.

The 51 beheaded skeletons were discovered last summer near Weymouth, Dorset, during excavations for a relief road.

Over the following two months, Oxford Archaeology removed the skulls which had been placed together in one part of a pit, and the bodies which had been thrown roughly into a heap a few feet away.

A chemical analysis of teeth from ten of the men showed they grew up in countries where the climate is far colder than Britain - with one individual thought to have come from within the Arctic Circle.

Carbon dating showed they were buried between 910 and 1030AD, a time when England was being unified under Saxon kings and when Vikings from Denmark had begun a second wave of raids on the South Coast.

Oxford Archaeology project manager David Score said: ‘To find out that the young men executed were Vikings is a thrilling development.

‘Any mass grave is a relatively rare find, but to find one on this scale, from this period of history, is extremely unusual.’

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MORE TO SEE HERE


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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 03/12/2010 at 01:09 PM   
Filed Under: • Archeology / Anthropology •  
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calendar   Monday - March 01, 2010

SOME HISTORY FROM EGYPT

OK, another bit of history and as usual, not to be resisted.

You’ll dig this one Drew.


Massive head of pharaoh unearthed

A colossal red granite head of one of Egypt’s most famous pharaohs has been unearthed in the southern city of Luxor, officials said.

The 3,000-year-old head of Amenhotep III - grandfather of Tutankhamun - was dug out of the ruins of the pharaoh’s mortuary temple.

Experts say it is the best preserved example of the king’s face ever found.

The 2.5m (8ft) head is part of a larger statue, most of which was found several years ago.

Antiquities officials say the statue is to be reconstructed.

“Other statues have always had something broken - the tip of the nose, or the face is eroded,” said Dr Hourig Sourouzian, who has led the Egyptian-European expedition at the site.

“But here, from the top of the crown to the chin, it is so beautifully carved and polished, nothing is broken.”image

Vast empire

Egypt’s antiquities chief, Zahi Hawass, described it as “a masterpiece of highly artistic quality”.

Amenhotep III ruled Egypt from about 1387 to 1348 BC and presided over a vast empire stretching from Nubia in the south to Syria in the north.

Scientists using DNA tests and CT scans on several mummies have identified him as the grandfather of Tutankhamun - the boy-king born of an incestuous marriage between Akhenaten and his sister, both the offspring of Amenhotep III.

The massive mortuary temple in Luxor was largely destroyed, possibly by floods, and little remains of its walls.

BBC NEWS


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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 03/01/2010 at 09:15 AM   
Filed Under: • Archeology / AnthropologyHistory •  
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calendar   Wednesday - January 20, 2010

ARCHEOLOGY - A WOW FIND. TWO IN FACT.  This is neat stuff and exciting

Every once in awhile things like this pop up and I get all kinds of excited over them.  The very idea that so much is still hidden away and then suddenly bingo, a dig in a remote place or someone with a metal detector or a scientific group find antiquity.  Amazing.

I know I’m not the only one here who likes this stuff because some have commented positively on past items of this sort.

So enjoy. And three cheers for the people who find these things.  Wish I could be one of em.  I have read about finds under the city of Alexandria in the distant past.


Cat goddess discovered in ruins of temple

January 20, 2010

Egyptian archaeologists have unearthed what is believed to be a Ptolemaic-era temple dating back more than 2,000 years that may have been dedicated to the cat goddess Bastet.

The Supreme Council of Antiquities said that the ruins were discovered in the heart of the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria, the seat of the dynasty founded by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC. The dynasty ended with the suicide of Cleopatra 300 years later.

The temple was thought to belong to Berenice, the wife of Ptolemy III, who ruled Egypt in the 3rd century BC. Muhammad Abdel-Maqsood, the lead archaeologist, said that the large number of statues depicting Bastet, right, indicated that it may be the first Ptolemaic temple discovered in Alexandria to be dedicated to the cat goddess. Statues of other Ancient Egyptian deities were also found.

Modern Alexandria was built squarely on top of the ruins of the classical-era city and many of the great temples, palaces and libraries of that time remain undiscovered. (AP)

KITTY SOURCE

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AND THEN THERE IS THIS FIND.  OR AT LEAST THEY THINK THEY HAVE FOUND,

Oldest remains of English royalty unearthed

The oldest surviving remains of the English Royal family have been unearthed for the first time in more than 500 years, scientists claim.

By Richard Alleyne, Science Correspondent
Published: 6:50AM GMT 20 Jan 2010

Archeologists believe they have discovered the coffin and skeleton of Queen Eadgyth, the sister of King Athelstan and granddaughter of Alfred the Great, who died in 946.

It was thought that her actual remains were lost when they were last moved in 1510 and that a monument built in Magdeburg Cathedral in southern Germany, was a cenotaph in her honour.

But when the tomb was investigated as part of a wider research project, a lead coffin was found inside bearing her name and inside that the nearly complete skeleton of a woman aged between 30 and 40.

Queen Eadgyth, the old spelling of Edith, died aged 36.

Now the University of Bristol are going to carry out tests on the bones to see if they can prove beyond doubt they are those of England’s oldest regal ancestor.

In particular they will try to match radioactive isotopes embedded in the bones to those found in her birthplace in England.

Professor Mark Horton, of the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, who is co-ordinating the research, said: “We know that Saxon royalty moved around quite a lot, and we hope to match the isotope results with known locations around Wessex and Mercia, where she could have spent her childhood.

“If we can prove this truly is Eadgyth, this will be one of the most exciting historical discoveries in recent years. It is quite a surprise to find them so much in tact. It really is an important discovery.”

Queen was the sister of King Athelstan, generally considered to have been the first King of England after he unified the various Saxon and Celtic kingdoms following the battle of Brunanburgh in 937.

His tomb survives in Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire, but is most likely empty. Eadgyth’s sister, Adiva, was married to an unknown European ruler, but her tomb is not located. Historical chronicles tell that Adiva was also offered to Otto, but that he chose Eadgyth instead.

Eadgyth was given in marriage to Otto I, the Holy Roman Emperor in 929.

She lived in Saxony and bore Otto at least two children, before her death in 946 at the age of 36. She was originally buried in Monastery of Mauritius in Magdeburg, and her tomb was marked in the Cathedral by an elaborate sixteenth century monument.

However, when the lid was removed in the latter, a lead coffin was discovered, bearing Queen Eadgyth’s name and accurately recording the transfer of her remains in 1510.

Professor Harald Meller, of the Landesmuseum fur Vorgeschichte in Saxony Anhalt, who led the project said: “We still are not completely certain that this is Eadgyth although all the scientific evidence points to this interpretation. In the Middle Ages bones were often moved around, and this makes definitive identification difficult.”

As part of the research project some small samples are being brought to the University of Bristol for further analysis.

Different geographical areas have different radioactive signatures, particularly when it comes to concentrations of the metal strontium.

If they can prove that the concentrations of strontium in the skeleton’s teeth, formed up to the age of 15, match those found in England then it proves she was brought up there and so is most likely Queen Eadgyth.

The discovery of Eadgyth’s remains illustrates the close links between European states in the early medieval period and how in the formation of both England and Germany intermarriage between the emerging royal houses of Europe was commonplace and has left a lasting legacy in the present royal families of Europe.

SOURCE


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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 01/20/2010 at 09:37 AM   
Filed Under: • Amazing Science and DiscoveriesArcheology / AnthropologyInternationalUK •  
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calendar   Wednesday - January 13, 2010

WOO - WHO GUYS IN AMERICA. Have you already seen this?  WOW!

Right I know. I go a bit crazy over finds like this.  And I always ask the same questions.  What else is out there?  What are they gonna find next?
It amazing that some of the things found have even survived this long.
I wonder if there will be anything from our current century that will have someone 500 years from now saying, wow. What a find.

Maybe, Wow. How primitive?

Be sure to go HERE FOR SOME GREAT PHOTOS .


Pictured: The 400-year-old map that shows China as the centre of the world

By Daily Mail Reporter
Last updated at 11:49 AM on 13th January 2010

A rare 17th Century map that shows China as the as the centre of the world went on display yesterday in Washington.

The map, created in 1602 by Italian Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci, was the first in Chinese to show the Americas, and identifies Florida as ‘the Land of Flowers’.

The 12ft by 5ft document, printed on six rolls of rice paper, is on show at the Library of Congress. It is one of only two copies in existence in good condition, and was coined ‘the impossible black tulip of cartography’ by experts strugging to track it down.

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Rare: The 17th Century Ricci Map. 1: China - 2: India - 3: Russia - 4: Europe - 5: Japan - 6: Canada - 7: US - 8: South America - 9: Africa - 10: Middle East

The map includes drawings and annotations detailing different regions of the world. Africa was noted to have the world’s highest mountain and longest river, while a brief description of North America describes ‘humped oxen’, wild horses and a region named ‘Ka-na-ta’.

Several Central and South American places are also named, including ‘Wa-ti-ma-la’ (Guatemala), ‘Yu-ho-t’ang’ (Yucatan) and ‘Chih-Li’ (Chile).

Ricci also included a brief description of the discovery of the Americas: ‘In olden days, nobody had ever known that there were such places as North and South America or Magellanica,’ he wrote, citing a name that early mapmakers used for Australia and Antarctica.

‘But a hundred years ago, Europeans came sailing in their ships to parts of the sea coast, and so discovered them.’

Ti Bin Zhang of the Chinese Embassy in Washington called the map a ‘catalyst for commerce’, and that it represented the momentous first meeting of East and West.

Ricci was among the first Westerners to live in what is now Beijing. Known for introducing Western science to China, Ricci created the map at the request of Emperor Wanli.

No examples of the map are known to exist in China, where Ricci was revered and buried. Only a few original copies are known to exist, held by the Vatican’s libraries and collectors in France and Japan.
Enlarge Catalyst for commerce: The map is thought to represent the momentous first meeting of East and West
Enlarge Intricate: The map, created in 1602, identifies Florida as ‘the Land of Flowers’

Catalyst for commerce: The map is thought to represent the momentous first meeting of East and West

The copy on display at the Library of Congress became the second most expensive rare map ever sold after it was purchased by the James Ford Bell Trust in October for $1million.

The trust also owns the Waldseemuller world map, which was the first to use the name ‘America’ and was purchased for a staggering $10 million in 2003.

Prior to its sale, the Ricci map had been held by a private collector in Japan. When the Washington exhibition ends in April, it will be housed at the Bell Library at the University of Minnesota.

The library also will create a digital image of the map to be posted online.

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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 01/13/2010 at 07:01 AM   
Filed Under: • Amazing Science and DiscoveriesArcheology / AnthropologyCHINA in the newsOUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENTUSA •  
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calendar   Monday - January 04, 2010

Awesome find in arctic …. come fly with me …

Gee, what a great find this is.  Hope I’m not alone in finding this exciting. Buried all those years.
Typical of the Telegraph as I am forever saying, that I had to find the on line version someplace else. Ditto the photo which I had to enlarge, so I hope it’s clear enough on your screens.

I was on hold to the doc’s office waiting to confirm some sort of exam and while waiting on hold I was thumbing through the morning paper when I spotted this story.  So I hung up and found it on line so I could post it early. Neat Stuff!


`Blue moon’ luck leads to historic find in ice

Monday, January 04, 2010


Australian explorers yesterday credited record low tides and a blue moon for the “one-in-a-million” discovery in Antarctica of one of the world’s first aeroplanes, found buried in ice.
The monoplane, which was the first aircraft off the Vickers factory production line in Britain just eight years after the Wright brothers’ first flight, was taken to Antarctica by Australian explorer Douglas Mawson in 1911.

Mawson hoped to stage the first human flight over the Antarctic ice cap, but his dreams were dashed when the pilot who accompanied the craft from London crashed it during a demonstration flight.

“He’d had a rather long night at the local [armed forces] club in Adelaide the night before and apparently was not in the best of shape when he first flew it,” Australian conservationist David Jensen said.

Its wings were so badly damaged they had to be removed, but Mawson decided he wanted to take the Vickers to the Antarctic to use as an “air tractor” to pull his sledges with a specially made tail rudder and skis, Jensen said.

However, its engine seized up and Mawson abandoned the Vickers at Cape Denison in 1914, said Jensen, chairman of the government-backed Mawson’s Hut Foundation charity. The explorer paid a brief visit to the craft when he returned on a two-year territory-staking mission in 1929, before giving it up for good in 1931.

Three successive teams of conservationists and scientists from the Mawson’s Huts Foundation searched for the fusela
ge, which was last sighted almost totally buried in ice in 1975.

But it was the combination of historically low tides, prompted by a blue moon - the second full moon in a calendar month - and unprecedented melting of the ice that led to its chance discovery on New Year’s Day, Jensen said.

“It was probably one chance in a million that these conditions allowed us to spot it,” he said.

“One of our heritage carpenters was just wandering along the edge of the harbor and he by chance spotted the piece of metal amongst the rocks.”

“You talk about once in a blue moon, well it was so true.”

Team leader Tony Stewart said: “Luck has been on our side, and it’s a great episode in the history of Antarctic aviation.”

Had the carpenter failed to spot the relic, which was under “just a couple of centimeters of water” in rising tide conditions, it would have likely been lost forever, he added.

SOURCE

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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 01/04/2010 at 06:02 AM   
Filed Under: • Archeology / AnthropologyHistoryUK •  
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calendar   Thursday - November 05, 2009

Amateur treasure hunter finds £1m hoard of ancient golden jewellery. AWESOME FIND !

This kind of thing is so mind bending.  IRON AGE and take a look at the workmanship. Look how intricate that tiny chain is.
I would never have thought they could do that in the Iron Age. And that little chain that hooks things together. My gosh, it’s up to date modern.
Be sure and see all the photos at the link provided.

HIS DAY JOB

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On first time out with his metal detector, amateur treasure hunter finds £1m hoard of ancient golden jewellery

By SARAH BRUCE
Last updated at 12:27 PM on 05th November 2009

When David Booth bought himself a metal detector, he was looking for a new hobby – and perhaps the occasional old coin.
But on his very first outing with the device, he uncovered a £1million hoard of Iron Age jewellery that is Scotland’s most important find in a century.
Mr Booth, 35, found four gold necklaces – known as ‘torcs’ – buried just six inches beneath the surface in a field near Stirling.

Up until his amazing find, he had only switched the £240 gadget on to ‘detect’ knives and forks in his own kitchen as practice.

But just one hour into his first outdoor foray – and only seven paces from where he had parked the car – he became the country’s most famous finder.

The hoard – dating back as far as 300BC - has excited archaeologists so much, they say it changes the way we look at Scotland’s ancient inhabitants.
And under treasure trove rules in this country, the safari park keeper is set to get a reward equal to the market value of the find.

But a shell-shocked Mr Booth is finding it hard to come to terms with his imminent wealth – the father-to-be can think no further than ‘perhaps’ paying off his Ford Focus car loan with his riches.
He said: ‘I’d always fancied buying a metal detector, just as a hobby, and I decided to do it. It turned out to be a pretty good investment.

‘I was really only there because I had permission from the landowner, although I knew the area had some Iron Age history.
‘I just parked the car in the field, took my metal detector out and started looking – I just had a feeling about it.
‘It flashed to indicate that I had found gold about seven paces away from the car, and I started digging.  ‘I knew I had to be careful, so I dug quite a large circle around the spot with a garden spade.

‘I used a trowel when I got nearer. Six or eight inches down, I saw a glimpse of one of them, then uncovered the rest of the hoard. They were in a wee group. 
‘My first feeling was one of almost disbelief. I knew it was gold, and it did look old, but I couldn’t believe I could be so lucky.’
Mr Booth took the collection of muddy artifacts home on September 28 and rinsed them carefully to uncover a cache of glittering jewellery.
The find was in five pieces – three intact necklets and two fragments of another torc, all gold and silver alloy with a touch of copper.

Two of the pieces are ribbon torcs, twisted carefully from sheet gold with flattened ends. These are Scottish or Irish in origin.
The fragments are from a South-west French style annular torc, which would have been an enclosed circle with a hinge and catch.

But the piece that is really getting experts excited is a looped terminal torc with decorative ends, made from eight golden wires looped together and decorated with thin threads and chains. All the pieces date to between 300 and 100 BC.
The Stirling find appears to reveal links between local tribes — traditionally seen as isolated — and other Iron Age people in Europe.

The treasure spent the night in Mr Booth’s gun safe in the house he shares with girlfriend Carolyn Morrison, 28.  The next day, he took them to work and notified the National Museum of Scotland (NMS), who were at the door within hours of receiving an email and pictures of the find.

The museum’s principal Iron Age and Roman curator Dr Fraser Hunter was one of the first on the scene, and soon a dig was set up at the top secret location where the cache was found.
He said: ‘When I saw the pictures, I nearly fell off my chair.’
As the jewellery was analysed, the site of the find also yielded more information.

MORE ARTICLE AND LOTS MORE PHOTOS HERE

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Man oh man LOOK at that thing!  Jeez! IRON AGE?  Good Grief.  What year was that?  1950?  Check out that link above.
LOVE this stuff.


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Posted by peiper   United Kingdom  on 11/05/2009 at 09:41 AM   
Filed Under: • Archeology / AnthropologyHistoryUK •  
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